Fedora vs Ubuntu: which is better and why?
Before discussing Fedora vs Ubuntu, let’s first understand what is Linux. Linux is an Open Source Operating System which Belongs to Unix-Family Licensed Under GPLv2. Most of the Linux is Written in C and Assembly. It’s been 25 years of it’s existence and can be found on large number of machines like Personal Computers, Laptop, IoT (Internet of Things), smart watches, gaming consoles, networking routers and mobile devices. Because of the dominance of the Linux kernel-based Android OS on Smartphones, Linux has the largest installed base of all general-purpose Operating Systems.
This is Tux, The Official Mascot of Linux
Fedora vs Ubuntu: A Comparison in 2017
Fedora vs Ubuntu: Both are open-source Operating Systems and both of them are available in Server Versions for free. Ubuntu was first released in 20 October 2004 and Fedora was first released in 6 November 2003 and their latest releases are 16.04.1 LTS(Long Term Support), released on 21st July 2016 and Version 26 on 11th July Respectively. Both of them are pretty Good Linux Distros for those who want to get a taste of Linux or Shifted from Windows/OSX to Linux.
Updates Schedule in Ubuntu and Fedora
Ubuntu have a fixed Update Schedule whereas Fedora does not. Even though it releases new update almost every six months, Ubuntu’s Release Schedule is pretty Strict and Uniform. Ubuntu releases a new Version in Every Six Months, in April and October. Further More, Ubuntu recives a LTS (Long Term Support) Update whereas there are no LTS Updates in Fedora.
Fedora vs Ubuntu: To be honest, Ubuntu beats Fedora here. Seriously, Ubuntu have a Lot more versions than Fedora. Fedora Comes in 3 Versions, Server Edition for Servers, Cloud Edition for Cloud Computing and Workstation Edition. Workstation Edition is most used. It is Installed on Desktop Computers and PCs and Most Used among these three. Fedora Rawhide is a Beta Build of Upcoming Fedora Versions for Testing Purposes. As they are Underdevelopment Builts, they might be Unstable.
Ubuntu comes in Standard Desktop Edition with 32-bit and 64-bit support. It Also Comes as Ubuntu Touch for Mobile Devices. The Ubuntu Core is used for Internet-of-Things Devices. Apart from these, Ubuntu Comes in Server, Cloud and Kylin a.k.a Chinese Version. Both of these Operating Systems have different images for ARM-based systems.
One of the biggest difference between these two Disto is that Ubuntu uses dpkg package manager with .deb file extension whereas Fedora uses RPM package manager with .rpm extension. This Concludes that Debian builts are not Compatible with Fedora. The Same holds True for Fedora. However, Packages can be Converted but there must not a need for this as most of the softwares are available in both, Fedora and Ubuntu compatible builts.
Ubuntu Comes with a Software Center installed which Helps you out to install large number of Softwares (Not All Though) else it’s very hard for a Windows User to install a Software using Console in any Linux Distro. Even in Console, you can easily install software if you have a .deb package using dpkg or else you can download it from apt-get package manager.
Fedora itself comes with an App Center called PakageKit but it isn’t as extensive as an App Center when Compared to Ubuntu. If not the App Center, you’ll have to yum to install softwares on Fedora.
Ease of Installation
Fedora vs Ubuntu: Both the Operating Systems supports Burn-to-Disc and Bootable Pendrive installation. You can either Burn them to a DVD or Make A bootable pendrive. Installation of both the Systems is almost same and both the System has a “Live” Feature in which you can use Ubuntu/Fedora without actually installing it on your Hard Disk Drive.
User Interface (UI)
Ubuntu’s UI is based on Unity. If you’ve ever seen Ubuntu’s Desktop, you might have noticed that it is pretty similar to Windows Aero UI. Ubuntu Wins a Point here, it’s UI is more Beautiful and Easy-to-Use Especially for Windows user. Talking About Fedora, it is based on GNOME. Users migrating from Windows might also find the lack of some common features – easily resizable windows, for instance – a tad annoying. Therefore. This Concludes that Ubuntu UI is more Better than Fedora UI.
Availability of Software
Ubuntu is Based on Debain Linux, an another Linux Distribution. Due to Debian as it’s Base, Ubuntu has a Large Number of Softwares and Developers. Its Supports Firefox and Chrome for Browsing Tasks, Libre Office for Office Works like Presentations and Data sheets, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) as an Alternative for Adobe Photoshop, VLC and Banshee Media Player and Thunderbird as an E-mail Client. Gamers will prefer Ubuntu over Fedora due to it’s Steam Support. Though the Library is small but your grandmother must’ve thought you that it’s better to have something than having Nothing. Ubuntu Library gets more Wide with PPAs or Personal Package Archives. PPAs are special software repositories that can be used to upload source packages that can later be built by a service like Launchpad.
Ironically, Fedora does not have a large Software Support. It only Supports Basic Softwares like GIMP, Firefox and Libre Office. Ubuntu wins one more point here.
Linux is mostly used for programming. So if you don’t know programming yet, you can start learning it using our article of The Best Programming Language to Learn First.
Stability and Performance
Stability and performance must be considered in this Fedora vs Ubuntu fight. As both, Ubuntu and Fedora are based on Linux, they are exceptionally more stable than Windows yet Fedora is more stable than Ubuntu because Ubuntu supports a Large Number of Third-party Softwares which are themselves unstable else both of the Distros are exceptionally stable.
There isn’t much difference between performance when both the Distros are Compared. When looking at precise number, Fedora scores higher than Ubuntu. Luckily, Fedora wins a Hand here.
Fedora vs Ubuntu: Conclusion
Now that the Fedora vs Ubuntu fight is over, we can say that Ubuntu is pretty good for New Linux Users. There are Pros and Cons of every thing, it depends on you whether you take the easy road by choosing Ubuntu or take it hard way by choosing Fedora.
If you ask for my suggestion on Fedora vs Ubuntu, I would suggest you Ubuntu.
Featured image credits: techomag.com